49 Interesting Facts about the UK Film Industry (2022)

The BFI have published the latest version of their annual publication, the BFI Statistical Yearbook 2013, which focuses on data collected in 2012.

You can download the full 254 page report here atwww.bfi.org.uk/education-research/film-industry-statistics-research/statistical-yearbook I’ve gone through and picked out what I regard as the 49 most interesting nuggets about the UK Film Industry. 49 Interesting Facts about the UK Film Industry (2)

1. Women only made up 13% of screenwriters and 8% of directors. Both figures are lower than 2011 (19% and 15% respectively).

2. The BFI awarded £1m to short films in 2012.

3. 200 films passed the Cultural Test in 2012 to become officially ‘British’. Of these, 13 were official co-productions.

4. On average, films passing the Cultural Test were able to class 71% of their total budget as ‘Production Costs’ for the Tax Credit (which provides 20% of the eligible Production costs, on films under £20m). The figure for official Co-productions is 60% of the budget.

5. The largest government body to provide funds to the UK film industry is the taxman. HMRC provided £214m towards UK films, which is 55% of the total amount invested in the UK film industry in 2012. The BFI provided £87m (via Lottery funding) and two public broadcasters were the next biggest investors (Film4 £15m and BBC Films £12m). 49 Interesting Facts about the UK Film Industry (3)

6. Alan Partridge: Alpha Papa‘ received £500,000 in BFI Lottery funding.

7.Only 7% of UK films made between 2003-10 were profitable. (The BFI estimate profitability by “using an international box office to budget ratio of 2 or more”). 8. In 2012, the largest production companies were (in order and with their number of films and estimated combined budgets in brackets):

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  1. 49 Interesting Facts about the UK Film Industry (4)Working Title Films (12 films, £250m total budget)
  2. Press On Features (9 films, £12m total budget)
  3. Black and Blue Films (9 films, £5m total budget)
  4. Vertigo Films (7 films, £18m total budget)
  5. Passion Pictures (7 films, £8m total budget)

9. There were 4,600 students in film-related higher education courses, an increase of 209% on 2011.

10. Half of the top 20 global box office successes of the last 12 years are based on novels by UK writers. Which is great news for UK writers, until you consider that all but one of those authors are dead — five were written by JK Rowling, three by JRR Tolkien and one each by Ian Fleming and Lewis Carroll. 49 Interesting Facts about the UK Film Industry (5)

11. 80% of all the writers and directors the BFI has tracked in the last ten years have only ever been involved with one independent feature film. This is pretty depressing, although there is some minor good news in the way they collect this data. They only look at UKindependent films, so someone like Gareth Edwards (first feature was indie ‘Monsters‘ and is now making ‘Godzilla‘) would fall into that 80%.

12. London has 55% of the UK film industry as a whole but only 30% of the distribution companies. 49 Interesting Facts about the UK Film Industry (6)

13. In 2012 there were 78 million rentals of feature films on physical discs (down 9% on 2011). Interestingly 54% were by post, meaning DVD rental shops are not dead yet. Average rental costs £2.94

14. Video on Demand (VoD) in the UK film industry has doubled in size since 2011, now making up a larger share than physical rentals (£229m for rental and £243m for VoD).

15. 25% of Internet users over 12 years old have downloaded or streamed a feature film online. 49 Interesting Facts about the UK Film Industry (7)

16.The film industry provided £3.8bn to UK GDP in 2012.

17.Only2% of films screened on Sky Movies were of UK origin.

18. 647 films were released in 2012, making an average of 12 a week.

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19. Foreign language films made up 35% of films by number but only 2% of box office.

20. Audience is getting older – the 45+ age bracket represented 36% of total audience over 15 years old.

21. Independent films made up 9% of total box office. 49 Interesting Facts about the UK Film Industry (8)

22. 3D is becoming less popular. In 2012 43 3D films were released compared with 47 in 2011. The takings for 3D films fell from 20% of the box office in 2011 to 18% in 2012. The BFI says: “Initially audiences were attracted by the novelty of the new technology, but have become more selective about the films they watch in 3D, and choose 3D where the effect makes a perceived contribution to the experience”.

23. Sequels and franchises accounted for 13 out of the top 20 films (by both number of releases and total box office).

49 Interesting Facts about the UK Film Industry (9)24. Titanic’ regained its top-spot as the highest grossing film in the UK since 1975 (adjusted for inflation), thanks to its 2012 3D re-release. ‘Skyfall’ is at number two and ‘Avatar’ at number three.

25. Action accounted for only 7% of releases but earned 28% of the box office. Conversely, drama accounted for 24% of releases but shared only 2% of total box office.

26. The BFI claims that 647 films were released in UK cinemas but, as with every year in the last decade, their numbers do not match the BBFC official figures. The BBFC rated 718 films in 2012 whereas the BFI only have 632 films with certificates (15 were screening without a rating) in their data, leave 86 films… missing. These films might have been rated and not released but this seems high; It costs around £1,000 to get a BBFC rating for a feature film and you can’t carry that cinema rating on the DVD (it must be re-rated). I wrote about this in my previous blog post ‘Raters Gonna Rate’ and since then the BBFC replied, saying they can’t account for the discrepancy and no word yet from the BFI. 49 Interesting Facts about the UK Film Industry (10)

27. UK independent films made up 8% of the New Zealand box office, thanks mostly to ‘The Best Exotic Marigold Hotel‘.

28.UK films accounted for 15% of global box office. UK independent films accounted for under 2% of global box office.

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29. UK films represented 9% of releases in North America (USA and Canada) and 16% of North American box office. That sounds pretty good, but remember that this includes the likes of ‘Skyfall’, rather than just independent films. 49 Interesting Facts about the UK Film Industry (11)

30. The largest single BFI investment was£1.6m in ‘The Invisible Woman.

31. Only 22% of films with budgets under £500,000 made between 2003-10 were released theatrically within two years. For budgets over £500,000 it rises to 57%.

32. Estimated total spent by UK distributors on marketing was £189m. Of that, £89m was on TV adverts, £67 on outdoor (posters, buses, tube, etc), £22m press, £7m on radio and £4m online.

33. 90% of UK cinemas screens have digital projection.

34. 60% of releases are shown at fewer than 50 sites with 4% being shown at over 500 sites.

35. On average films budgeted under £500,000 cost £40,000 to distribute theatrically, films budgeted under £2m cost £200,000 and films with budgets over £10m cost an average of £2,400,000 to bring to the cinema. 49 Interesting Facts about the UK Film Industry (12)

36. For the first time since 1984 the net increase in traditional screens was larger than the net increase in multiplex screens.

37. There were 3.9 billion viewings of feature films on TV in the UK in 2012. This is 22 times the number of cinema admissions.

38. The UK has the third largest filmed entertainment market in the world, after America and Japan.

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39. DVD and Blu-Ray sales are only marginally larger income generators than cinemas (£1.2bn for physical retail compared with £1bn for theatrical admissions). The total filmed entertainment market is worth £4bn. 49 Interesting Facts about the UK Film Industry (13)

40. ‘Salmon Fishing in the Yemen‘ had a larger-than-average share of over 45 year olds. The largest audience group for ‘The Pirates In An Adventure with Scientists‘was the 25-44 age group.

41. In 2012,£929m was spent on productions in the UK film industry, £345m less than the £1.3bn spent in 2011. In part, that is because the number of films made has dropped from 331 in 2011 to 249 in 2012.

42. Between 2008-10 there was a 49% rise in films made on a budget of under £500,000. In 2012, there were 249 films made on under £500,000, which is significantly less than the peak of 358 in 2010. The BFI does acknowledge that they have a hard time tracking micro-budget films, so these numbers are likely to underestimate the total, but the trend can reasonably be assumed to be accurate. 49 Interesting Facts about the UK Film Industry (14)

43.Just nine big-budget films accounted for 65% of the total UK film industry production spend, including‘All You Need Is Kill‘, ‘Fast & Furious 6‘, ‘Jack Ryan‘, ‘Maleficent‘ and ‘Rush‘.

44. The median budget of domestic UK films was £200,000 (same as 2011). The inward investment feature median budget fell from an “unusually high” £18.7m in 2011 to £9.7m in 2012. The median budget for a co-production was £1.8m.

45. 70% of total UK film investment went into production, and production makes up 61% of Lottery funding awards.

46. In 2012, there were 5,190 film production companies in the UK. This figure may be high partly due to special purpose vehicles (SPVs) set up for a single film and kept running for tax purposes.

47. In addition there were 1,470 video production companies, 2,205 in post-production, 475 in film/video distribution and 205 in film exhibition.

48. Of the 392 film companies that made a feature in 2012 only 10 made three or more, 19 made two and the rest only made one.

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49. 47% of people working in film and video industry are freelance.

FAQs

What is the film industry of UK called? ›

The British Film Institute has produced a poll ranking what they consider to be the 100 greatest British films of all time, the BFI Top 100 British films.
...
Cinema of the United Kingdom
Main distributorsWalt Disney Pictures 100% Universal Pictures 53.4% Warner Bros. 18.2% Paramount 16.3% 20th Century Studios 12.1%
14 more rows

How big is the UK film industry? ›

The UK film industry's GVA in 2017 was £6 billion. According to data published by the government in November 2018, the GVA for all UK creative industries in 2017 was £101.5 billion, so film accounted for just under 6% of all creative industries' value added.

How many films are made in the UK? ›

In 2020, the United Kingdom (UK) produced 134 feature films, down from 291 in the previous year – an annual decrease of about 54 percent.

What makes a British film British? ›

Most people would define a 'British' film with reference to obvious cultural elements such as: a setting in the UK or a focus on British people abroad; a predominantly British cast; a storyline about some aspect of British life — past, present or future — or notably by, or based on a work by, a British author.

When did cinema start in UK? ›

Cinema first came to the UK in 1896 when the Lumière brothers showcased their revolutionary short films at the Polytechnic in Upper Regent Street.

Why are so many films made in the UK? ›

Thanks to generous tax credits and a major pool of talent helping the U.K. emerge as a key hub for Hollywood studios and streamers, production had been soaring for several years, reaching a record high of $4.7 billion in revenue in 2019 and led by a surge in high-end television.

How many people work in UK film industry? ›

Employment in the film industry in the United Kingdom (UK) 2007-2019, by sector. After a growth in employment in the UK film industry from 2015 to 2018, the number of employees slightly decreased again in 2019. The majority was employed in the sector "film and video production", at about 66,000 employees in 2019.

How much money does the UK film industry make? ›

In 2020, the gross revenue of the filmed entertainment market in the United Kingdom amounted to approximately 2.64 billion British pounds, down from 3.46 million pounds a year earlier – an annual decrease of almost 24 percent.

How much is UK film industry? ›

Official 2021 BFI statistics reveal a record £5.64 billion film and high-end TV production spend in the UK. The statistics also show that UK cinemas are building back audiences, with 74 million admissions and £602 million box office after months of closure in 2021.

Is the UK film industry growing? ›

Growth Forecasted

All in all, the sector is expected to grow at an average annual rate of 7.3% — an additional £1.43B-£2.02B spend from 2021'a £5.64B total. The authors conclude that film and HETV production in the UK is likely to grow at an annual average rate of 7.3% between 2022 and 2025.

Is it cheaper to film in the UK? ›

It is a testament to how the U.K. city is attracting filmmakers in droves because of lucrative tax incentives that make one of the most expensive cities in the world cheaper to shoot films in than Los Angeles.

Where is the UK's Hollywood? ›

Hollywood is situated in the extreme northeastern corner of Worcestershire, 8.5 miles / 13 km south of Birmingham city centre, 6 miles / 9.5 km west-southwest of Solihull and 9 miles / 14.5 km northeast of Redditch.

Where are films made in the UK? ›

Scotland and Scottish Isles. Scotland and the surrounding islands are home to some of the most beautiful yet dramatic landscapes in the whole of the British Isles, so it's no surprise that many of the nation's favourite films were filmed in this country.

How many cinema screens are there in the UK? ›

Number of cinema screens in the United Kingdom (UK) 2004-2020. From 2004 to 2020, the number of cinema screens in the United Kingdom steadily increased, amounting to 4,596 as of 2020. By comparison, UK movies theaters recorded not even 3,500 screens at the end of 2004.

What classes are British films? ›

A charity called the British Film Institute can officially label a film British if it passes a "cultural test". The cultural test looks at whether the characters speak English, whether British locations are used, and whether the cast and crew are British. A film has to score at least 16 points out of 31 to pass.

Which is the oldest cinema in England? ›

Duke of York's, Brighton

This magnificent, Grade II-listed picturehouse, the oldest purpose-built cinema in Britain, according to the Cinema Theatre Association, is one of very few UK picturehouses to have been in continuous cinematic use throughout its lifetime.

What was the first Colour film? ›

The first commercially produced film in natural color was A Visit to the Seaside (1908). The eight-minute British short film used the Kinemacolor process to capture a series of shots of the Brighton Southern England seafront.

When did film become popular? ›

In the United States, film established itself as a popular form of entertainment with the nickelodeon theater in the 1910s. The release of The Jazz Singer in 1927 marked the birth of the talking film, and by 1930 silent film was a thing of the past.

What is the UK version of Hollywood? ›

Why Borehamwood is called the British Hollywood.

Where is Pollywood? ›

Punjabi cinema, sometimes metonymously referred to as Pollywood, is the Punjabi-language film industry centered around the Indian state of Punjab, and based in Amritsar and Mohali.

Where is the film industry in UK? ›

London is the third-largest centre for film production worldwide. With billions of Euros invested in film production in recent times, the UK movie industry is bigger than ever. The British Film Institute (BFI) revealed a total of 27.8 million cinema admissions in the first quarter of 2022 alone.

Where is the UK's Hollywood? ›

Hollywood is situated in the extreme northeastern corner of Worcestershire, 8.5 miles / 13 km south of Birmingham city centre, 6 miles / 9.5 km west-southwest of Solihull and 9 miles / 14.5 km northeast of Redditch.

What are English movies called? ›

Hollywood movies have a global appeal because of the use of English as a universal language. The Chinese market has bought into Hollywood despite the country's censorship of most films. Due to the success and the quality movies it produces, some film industries around the world have adopted names inspired by Hollywood.

What is Dhollywood? ›

Gujarati cinema, also known as Gollywood or Dhollywood, is the Gujarati language film industry. It is one of the major regional and vernacular film industries of the cinema of India, having produced more than one thousand films since its inception.

Why is Star Wars filmed in the UK? ›

Why was Britain was chosen to film Star Wars? Initially it was cost. Cost was the main issue - at the time no major Hollywood studio would invest in George Lucas' film. He'd done pretty well with the production and direction of American Graffiti, which was very successful given the budget it had as well.

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